What is a Smart Home?
It sounds great, 'Smart Home', but what does it really mean? How can our homes be smarter? How can we live more consciously? Sven Ehmann, creative director at Gestalten in Berlin, gives us his opinion. He suggests we begin by looking at each word individually: 'smart' and 'home'.
Above: Sven Ehmann. Photo by Alex Kroke / Stacking Green house by Vo Trong Nghia Architects . Photo by Hiroyuki Okiand
Habitus: What is a Smart Home?
Sven Ehmann: Following the media these days, it seems as if a smart home is essentially a home full of sensors, controllers, and networked technology. A place that knows us, supports our living, and fixes our misbehaviours occasionally. To some, this sounds like paradise; to others, it probably sounds like hell and total control.
Before combining the two words, I would suggest widening the conversation about “smart homes” in order to better understand what “smart” means and what “home” means today. To me, smart living very much includes a sustainable home. Sustainability is not only influenced by technology but also location, floor plans, and building materials used.
In our book Building Better, we document how architects and homeowners work together today to find unique and aesthetically focused solutions while building environmentally friendly houses. A vivid example is a four-storey layered townhouse in Ho Chi Minh City that disguises itself behind 12 levels of greenery. A façade composed of planters filled with lush vegetation not only serves as horizontal louvers directing light and air into the house, but also a passive cooling strategy to upgrade the indoor thermal environment.
On the other hand, the word “home” means more than being environmentally friendly or maintainable. Instead, the urban nomads—people among us who move from one place to another—might have several homes where they are emotionally attached to when they travel, work abroad, or visit friends and families. These places have much more to serve than merely high technology. Our recent book The New Nomads features a caravan of trailers and tents who temporarily repurposed the private gardens of Musée du Quai Branly in Paris for a series of public events and programmes. Together they transformed the outdoors into a shared living room for impromptu gatherings. This was where they called home.
Habitus: What features are prominent in Smart Homes today? How has this changed over the past 5-10 years?
Sven Ehmann: The most relevant change over the last decade is the digitalisation with all its innovations and consequences, but what’s even more important is the transformation in the minds and the awareness of people. Architects, engineers, developers, and homeowners design, build and desire to live in smarter homes.
Habitus: Why is it more important than ever to have consciously designed homes?
Sven Ehmann: We are simply responsible for everything we build and produce, and this has become more obvious and more transparent than before. It is a matter of taste, attitude and survival.
Habitus: Where is the trend towards Smart Homes strongest?
Sven Ehmann: There are different levels of innovation around smart living. I would say that the U.S. is strong in developing and marketing the latest high-tech consumer goods, while over here in Germany we have a major focus on sustainable renovation and improved insulation of existing buildings as well as security. Japan seems to be the country that reinvents the bathroom. It’s a global challenge, and there are solutions around the globe as well.
Habitus: How can we make our homes smarter?
Sven Ehmann: If houseowners or inhabitants are smart, interested, open-minded, and are able to criticize, everything else will follow soon.
Sven Ehmann is a creative director from Berlin. He spends most of his time working with publishing company Gestalten where he has edited over 70 books on contemporary visual culture with subjects ranging from information graphics and editorial design, to architecture, interior design, interactive environments, 3D printing, bicycles and food. Sven is most curious about radical new forms of creative expression and currently explores the intersection between design, technology and journalism. Besides that he also works as a curator, lecturer and consultant on aspects of design and innovation.